TAIWAN HRJ
 

移動中的剝削:台灣外勞人權問題剖析

作者:孫友聯(台灣勞工陣線秘書長)

摘要:

隨著國內外勞人數的增長,外勞人權的議題逐成為國內勞工團體關注的重點,尤其是若干侵害外勞人權事件發生以後,包括惡劣勞動條件、強迫勞動、性騷擾及侵害,以及社會對外勞的結構性歧視等,一直都是勞工團體倡議外勞人權保障的主要方向。本文除針對外勞政策的本質進行剖析,突顯在雇主追求降低勞動成本的邏輯之下,外勞的人權保障普遍不彰。尤其,透過雇主倡議外勞工資與基本工資脫鉤分析,戳破官方外勞補充性原則的政策謊言。
此外,本文嘗試透過兩項明顯侵害外勞人權事件的分析,刻劃台灣外勞人權的圖像。最後,本文亦提出具體政策主張,希望能夠釜底抽薪地解決外勞人權問題,其中包括逐步走向移民政策,透過移民解決國內人力短缺,以及透過享有同等國民待遇的方式,提升移民勞工的權益。
 
關鍵字
外勞政策、外勞人權、移民、基本工資


Exploitation in Mobilizing: the Analysis of Foreign Worker Issues in Taiwan

Author:Yu Liam Son (Secretary General, Taiwan Labour Front)

Abstract:

With the growth in the number of foreign workers, the human rights issues of foreign workers became important for the labor organizations, including poor working condition, forced labor and the cases of sexual harassment or assault. Likewise, worker’s right organizations are concerned with the discrimination of foreign workers. This article purposes to analyze the nature of foreign worker policy in Taiwan, highlighting the logic of this policy, that is keeping the cost down. Under this logic, therefore, the protection of foreign workers generally has been apparent than real. In particular, the initiative by the employer groups to exclude foreign workers from the minimum wage regulations could not but belie the officially declared principle of the supplementary nature of foreign worker policy.
In addition, this paper attempts by the examples of two distinct events of violation of the foreign worker rights to depict the human rights situation of foreign workers in Taiwan. Finally, this paper also tries to propose a specific policy to solve these problems, including through an immigration policy to remedy manpower shortage, and equal work equal pay to improve the human rights of foreign workers.
 
Keywords
foreign workers policy, foreign worker’s human rights, immigrant, basic wage (minimum wage)
 
 

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