TAIWAN HRJ
 

初次國家人權報告之撰寫與審查的初步檢討與展望

作者:郭銘禮 (法務部法制司檢察官)

摘要:

本文對於臺灣依據聯合國相關規定撰寫公民與政治權利國際公約、經濟社會文化權利國際公約初次報告的過程,以及辦理報告審查會議,邀請獨立專家與我國政府代表進行建設性對話,並應如何以國家行動計畫落實獨立專家所提供給政府的結論性意見與建議,做初步檢討與展望。這項人權史上的里程碑,是由臺灣人民與政府以及獨立專家等國際人士共同完成,但能否確實達到尊重、保護及落實公約人權,仍有待持續不斷的努力與外在監督。本文希望能提供己身經驗與反省,做為日後繼續維持或改進的參考依據。
 
關鍵字
公民與政治權利國際公約、經濟社會文化權利國際公約、人權事務委員會、經濟社會文化權利委員會、初次國家人權報告、結論性意見與建議、獨立專家、國家行動計畫、總統府人權諮詢委員會、立法院、非政府組織


A Preliminary Survey and Prospect of the Drafting and Review of the Nation’s Initial Human Right Reports

Author:Ming-li Kuo (Prosecutor, Ministry of Justice)

Abstract:

This article provides a preliminary survey and prospect of the process of the drafting of Taiwan’s initial ICCPR and ICESCR reports submitted in accordance with the United Nations guidelines, of the holding of the review meetings which have invited independent experts to have constructive dialogues with the representatives of the government, and of the method to initiate the national action plan for the implementation of the concluding observations and recommendations offered by the independent experts. This accomplishment made by the people and government of Taiwan together with the independent experts is a milestone in human rights history. It, however, would take continuing efforts and external monitoring to actually reach the goal of the respect, protection and fulfillment of human rights. The author wishes to provide his own experience and reflection for the future reference of the maintenance or improvement.
 
Keywords
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Human Rights Committee, Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Initial Human Right Reports,Concluding Observations and Recommendations, independent experts, national action plan, Presidential Advisory Committee on Human Rights, Legislative Yuan, non-governmental organization

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