TAIWAN HRJ
 

數位時代的隱私邊界:以健保資料庫與 ETC 交通資料庫為例

作者:何明諠(台灣網路透明報告專案經理)

摘要:

本文聚焦於數位時代的隱私權討論。作者透過引入台灣人權促進會實際參與的案例,初探隱私權當前所面臨的爭議、可能的解決方式,以及隱私權作為基本 人權的意義。本文在案例挑選上,以健保署的健康保險資料庫以及高公局的 ETC 交通資料庫為代表範例,透過介紹兩個資料庫的建置背景,以及分析此二資料庫進行資料目的外利用時的適用前提,以整理目前台灣在看待去識別化及資訊自主權兩者關係上所產生的爭議。並在文末,就所整理的爭議,提出 能的解決辦法。


關鍵字

台灣人權促進會、隱私權、資訊自主權、去識別化、個人資料、同意、全民健 康保險資料庫、ETC、目的外利用、必要性、公共利益


The Rights to Privacy in the Digital Age: The Case of the Health Insurance Research Database and the ETC Traffic Database

Author:Ming Syuan Ho(Project Manager, Taiwan Internet Transparency Report)

Abstract:

This article focuses on the right to privacy in the digital age. The author introduces cases handled by the Taiwan Association for Human Rights and looks at disputes involving the right to privacy and possible solutions to those disputes. The article also discusses the meaning of the right to privacy as a basic human right. The cases of the Health Insurance Research Database (NHI) and the ETC Traffic Database (MOTC) are selected for study. By introducing the background of these two databases and analyzing the presuppositions for their reuse of personal data, the article tries to look at disputes over deidentification and the right to privacy in Taiwan. At the end of the article, the author tries to propose some possible solutions for the disputes mentioned.


Keywords

Taiwan Association for Human Rights, right to privacy, right of self-determination, de-identification, personal data, consent, Health Insurance Research Database, ETC, necessity, public interest

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