TAIWAN HRJ
 

2013 年訪問加拿大人權機構之回顧

作者:郭銘禮(臺北高等行政法院法官)

摘要:

本文以 2013 年訪問加拿大人權機構之回顧為基礎,對於台灣的國家人權機制提出建議。透過制定人權法,使得加拿大人權委員會及人權審判庭得以處理反歧視案件,並且以促進和解的方式解決爭端,極少數以人權審判庭裁判的案件,仍得以尋求加拿大聯邦司法權的救濟。加拿大人權委員會被評鑑為完全符合巴黎原則的國家人權機構,在國內發揮促進、保障與落實人權的作用,在 國際積極參與各個人權機制。加拿大各省有類似的人權機制。非政府組織與法律扶助機構也發揮監督政府與協助人民的作用。加拿大聯邦政府由外交部、司法部等各權責部門負責落實國際人權公約以及提交報告。台灣的監察院在監察法中增訂國家人權委員會職權行使專章草案,立法院於審議時,如果認為需要另外擬定反歧視法作為國家人權委員會的作用法之一,或許可以參考加拿大的相關機制,增設人權審判庭,與國家人權委員會共同以促成和解為目標,並允許人民對於人權審判庭的裁判尋求司法救濟而獲得司法控制。共同解決各種形式的歧視所造成的爭端。

 

關鍵字

國家人權委員會、監察院、加拿大人權委員會、加拿大人權審判庭、加拿大人權法、監察院國家人權委員會組織法、監察院國家人權委員會職權行使法草案、監察法、巴黎原則


Reflections on my 2013 visit to Canadian Human Rights Institutions

Author:Ming-Li Kuo (Judge, Taipei High Administrative Court)

Abstract:

Based on the review of a visit to Canadian Human Rights Institutes in 2013, this article offers recommendations to Taiwan for the development of the national human rights system. Based on the Human Rights Act, both the Canadian Human Rights Commission and the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal are competent to handle anti-discrimination cases, and to solve disputes, mainly by promoting settlements. The parties can still appeal to the federal court for judicial review. The Canadian Human Rights Commission has been accredited as fully compliant with the Paris Principles. Its function is to promote, protect and fulfill human rights within Canada, while being actively involved in various international human rights mechanisms. The federal human rights system exists in provinces. NGOs and legal aid centers are helpful in monitoring the government and assisting the people. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Department of Justice, together with other ministries of the federal government are responsible for the fulfillment of treaty obligations and the submission of national reports. The Control Yuan of Taiwan has drafted in the Control Act a chapter regarding the competence of Taiwan’s National Human Rights Commission, which is under review by the Legislative Yuan. If it is necessary to draft an anti-discrimination law for the National Human Rights Commission, the Canadian human rights system could be an option. The National Human Rights Commission can work with a future human rights tribunal to promote settlements, allowing people to appeal to courts for judicial control, and solving all forms of discriminatory disputes.

 

Keywords

National Human Rights Commission, Control Yuan, The Canadian Human Rights Commission, the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal, the Canadian Human Rights Act, Organic Act of the Control Yuan National Human Rights Commission, the Control Yuan National Human Rights Commission Power Exercise Act, the Control Act, Paris Principles

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